Hot work is any type of work that involves soldering, welding, grinding, or any activity that generates spark or heat.
The British Standards Institution (BSI) defines the hot works as:
“Any procedure that might involve or have the potential to generate sufficient heat, sparks, or flame to cause a fire. Hot work includes welding, flame-cutting, soldering, brazing, grinding, and the use of other equipment incorporating a flame, e.g. tar boilers, etc.”
As per HSE, around half of the accidents that involve hot works are due to unsafe working practices. These hot works accidents can lead to severe injuries to workers such as burns. It may also result in a widespread fire causing major damage to property and human lives.
Hence, it is essential to train workers regarding hot work safety precautions to ensure protection against a minor, major, and even fatal injuries, as well as the destruction of equipment and premises.
Human Focus is currently offering the following list of programmes regarding hot working:
Some examples of hot work include:
- Welding, brazing, or soldering
- Grinding & cutting
- Thawing pipe
- Usage of open flames and torches
- Use of tar boilers
- Use of lead heaters or hot air blowers
A wide range of industries require hot working on their premises as a part of daily work activities, though it is frequently carried out as a part of contractual work. However, no matter who carries out the work, it is the responsibility of employers to assess the hot work hazards in the workplace and take practical actions to prevent them from causing harm.
A hot work permit is a step-by-step checklist required for hot work fire safety. It serves as a reminder to business owners of their fire prevention responsibility before and during any hot work is conducted.
A hot work permit is needed for any cutting, welding, or soldering activity conducted with a portable gas or arc equipment that produces heat, spark, or flame.
According to BS 9999 of BSI,
A hot work permit procedure should be followed before allowing any hot work activity in or near a building. The procedure ensures that safety precautions are taken before hot work commences, during, and after the operation.
Moreover, hot work checklists are essential safety checks that can help contractors ensure that the work area is safe for commencing hot work activity.
Hot work safety signs play a significant role in keeping facilities compliant and workers knowledgeable. These signs aid workers in understanding types of hazards in the work area, the level of risks these hazards possess, and the precautions that need to be taken.
Hot work safety training courses do not have any pre-requisites. It requires:
- No prior Knowledge
- No Previous Certification
Under this toolkit, these hot works awareness training courses aim to help trainees recognise the different types of hots works and their associated dangers. They also cover- risk assessment procedures that need to be undertaken to assess the risks and take necessary safety precautions in such work areas.
The risk assessment programme is ideal for managers and supervisors, while the hot works safety awareness training course is for workers at all levels who need to undertake work with equipment such as welding, soldering, and grinding. These training courses do not qualify anyone to use hot work equipment. Operators of hot work equipment will need equipment-specific training prior to using such equipment.
This toolkit helps in creating awareness about hot work hazards and control measures, but the specific learning outcomes of each programme is listed below.
At the end of this course, delegates will learn:
- Health and safety dangers associated with hot working
- Factors that cause hot work accidents
- Various safety principles to ensure safe working with hot work equipment
Upon successful completion of this risk assessment training course, trainees will learn:
- Common hazards associated with hot working
- The main principles of undertaking a hot works risk assessment
- How to make improvements in the work area to reduce the risk of accidents
Human Focus health and safety e-learning courses offer the following benefits:
- IIRSM-Approved course content
- Multi-lingual course content
- Compliant with health and safety legislation
- Offers trainees to immediately start the course after their registration
- 24/7 login availability to take the course at any time
- Cost-efficient – allows organisations to train several staff members at a time in diverse locations concurrently, thus removes the need for travelling and accommodation
- Short and concise course content to deliver essential information in less time
- High-quality video and animation-based content
- Offers self-paced learning opportunity – the LMS (Learning management system) saves each trainee’s training progress and allows them to continue the course at a convenient time. This self-paced learning helps to achieve high knowledge retention
- Short mini-quizzes at the end of each section that helps in reinforce training
- End of course assessment test to evaluate the learning of delegates
Each hot works training course ends with a knowledge test. This test appears when a trainee completes all sections of a training course. There are also short in-course quizzes that help to reinforce information and to maximise user engagement.
The end of course knowledge test is the final assessment test. On passing this test, the delegates get IIRSM-approved certificates. These certificates are globally recognised and carry the following information:
- Trainee name
- Course name
- A completion date of the training
- Certificate’s expiry date (wherever applicable)
These IIRSM-approved certificates have a validity of 3 years.
All the information regarding e-certificates, training progress and results are stored in the Human Focus Learning management system (LMS). This information is easily accessible round the clock to check, or set any tasks/deadlines, as required. This data also acts as proof of legal compliance.
In the event of a fire during hot working, it is recommended to cease all the activities and immediately raise the alarm. The responsible officer should be called immediately, and he needs to supervise the situation until it is considered that re-ignition is not possible. It is also recommended to stop further work until effective fire equipment is made available in the work area.
The PPE is essential to use for minimising the risk. Following requirements should be fulfilled while selecting PPE:
- It should be suitable for the nature of work
- Should be of suitable size so that worker can comfortably wear it whilst working
- Should be carefully maintained, repaired, and replaced to minimise the risk to the workers
Yes, an effective ventilation system is among the significant hot work precautions. One should keep in mind the following measures while selecting a ventilation system:
- Amount and type of contaminants produced
- The proximity of the welding process relative to the ventilation system
- The proximity of the worker’s breathing zone to the fume source
- Nature, mechanics of the workplace, and the level of ventilation available
Risk assessment is the factor in shielding the safety of workers dealing with hot works. It is the process of identifying what could go wrong and ensuring precautions. It is important to be familiar with risk assessments, in order to, deal with hot works safely. Thus, it is essential to understand the nature of such hazardous activities and precautions to reduce the risks of incidents and accidents.